References for Direct Quotations in Academic Writingg
Whenever you directly quote the words of another author in your scholarly writing, you need to provide a reference that accurately leads your readers not only to the source from which you quoted the passage, but also to the precise place in that source where the quoted passage can be found. This means that a reference in the style you are using for other citations must be provided along with a page number or another type of precise locator such as a column, stanza or line number. If, for instance, you are using parenthetical author–date or author–title references and the quotation is embedded in the main text of your document, the reference should be set in parentheses and placed before (to the left of) the closing punctuation of the sentence or another punctuation mark that continues the sentence such as a comma. These examples show the correct format: I discovered that ‘an accurate reference must follow each quotation’ (Johnson, 2012, p.3), and ‘Let me not to the marriage of true minds | Admit impediments’ (Shakespeare, Sonnet 116, lines 1-2).